The State of Texas
Austin is the capital of Texas, named in honor of Stephen Austin, one of those men who fought for Texas’ independence from Mexico and Spain.
Austin is recommended for technology lovers, due to its developed hi-tech industry and for music lovers, so much so that it has been nicknamed “The live music capital of the world”; in fact every year there is a festival of music and cinema not to be missed.
Elected city where you live best in the States, it should also be counted for its university, the most important in the state and for its Capitol, a truly immense building with its 30,500 square meters.
We then reach Houston, a city famous all over the world as well as for the oil and naval industry, especially for the aerospace industry, in fact here is the headquarters of the famous NASA, a center for study and space missions, which has earned the city its name of “Space City”.
Those who appreciate culture and art will certainly not be disappointed, as they will have the opportunity to visit a wide range of museums and participate in many initiatives that animate this city.
Going into the heart of Texas, we arrive in San Antonio, a metropolis which, compared to the others mentioned, has a more peaceful atmosphere.
In short, an ideal stop for a relaxing walk among its historic buildings such as the Alamo Fort, which is remembered for a battle between the Texan and Mexican armies or along the path that runs along the San Antonio river, that is the Paseo del Rio.
A trip recommended for everyone, not to be missed!
Economy, Politics and Population in Texas
Texas is North America’s largest producer of fuel minerals. On this vast territory there are extensive deposits of oil, sulfur, coal, iron ore, uranium, lead, tungsten, zinc and many others.
Another important economic source is represented by agriculture. The most common crops are those of cotton, fodder, vegetables and fruit. In addition, breeding is also flourishing, especially of horses, cattle, pigs and sheep. In addition to fishing and forestry, it should also be remembered that the Texan economy is also based on the rubber and plastic manufacturing sector, trade and services.
The number of political representatives must be proportional to the population residing on the territory of the State. In fact, it is divided into 32 electoral districts. The Democratic party has had the upper hand for about two decades but since 2000 the governor of Texas has been Republican Rick Perry.
According to some estimates, Texas was thought to comprise about 8% of the US population. In any case, with nearly twenty-five million inhabitants, Texas is the second most populous state in the US.
The population density was about 34 inhabitants per square kilometer: these data testify to the non-homogeneity of the population distribution. In fact, about 80% of the population lives in cities.
Most of them are white, with English and French roots but there were also colonial invasions by the Germans, Czechs and Dutch.
The minority population is the black one, which owes its distant origins to slavery on cotton plantations. Currently the number of the African American community reaches the number of 2,673,000, over 40% of which is concentrated in the metropolitan areas of Dallas and Houston. The Latin American minority also represents a large number of the total population of the Texan state. Houston, Dallas, San Antonio and El Paso and the counties along the Rio Grande are the areas where most people from Mexico and South America are concentrated.
In recent years there has also been an increase in Asian ethnicities.